Proteins are the nutrients that perform most functions in our body. These structures, made up of amino acids, are responsible for forming tissues (such as muscles). They give us energy and transport vitamins.
Many athletes take protein shakes since they help in the process of recovery and growth of our muscles. You can find some of these protein supplements in various online stores and regular pharmacies.
The best known and preferred by athletes are Whey Protein supplements; which, in turn, can be composed of different types of proteins:
Whey Protein Isolate or “Isolate Whey Protein”
This protein is very fast assimilated and usually has very high purity. In these supplements, you can find between 83% and 90% pure protein, containing the rest of the components (such as carbohydrates, sugars, or fats) at minimum levels. It is best to ingest just before training, when your muscles need a dose of help for their recovery and thus avoid the loss of muscle mass.
Whey Protein Concentrate or “Whey Protein”
This type of protein usually comes in lower levels of purity, achieving between 65% and 78% pure protein, having higher levels of carbohydrates or fats than Isolate. However, it is also fast-absorbing, so it will help you maintain your muscles for a lower price than protein isolate.
Although these are usually the most expensive on the market because they go through a unique filtering process, they are the purest you can find and are extra-fast absorption, so you can deliver your body doses of protein you need in record time. Usually, professional athletes, such as bodybuilders, take this type of protein.
In this case, the protein is slowly absorbed, so it is recommended to use it at night or when you know that you will go for long periods without eating. Casein, being slowly absorbed, allows the body to receive a constant protein dose for a longer period. It is beneficial to avoid the loss of muscle mass.
If you are lactose intolerant or have a special diet, you can find other types of protein sources, such as vegetable proteins, soy, or legumes. Although these contain a lower dose of amino acids, they will help you achieve your goals without feeling bad or going off your diet. You can also supplement your vegetable protein supplement with an amino acid supplement, so you do not lose the benefits of this incredible molecule.